WHAT IS PAIN?
Pain is a localized or generalized unpleasant bodily sensation or complex of sensations that causes mild to severe physical discomfort and emotional distress and typically results from bodily disorder. There are four types of pain which can be present individually, or can be present at the same time, which can cause a mixed pain pattern. With several types of pain there are various unique treatment options to suit the intricacies of each type.
FOUR MAJOR TYPES OF PAIN
Nociceptive Pain: Nociceptors are specialized peripheral sensory receptors that make the body aware of potentially damaging stimuli by detecting extremes in temperature and pressure and chemicals released in response to injury, such as bradykinin. Nociceptors are typically activated in response to tissue injury. Common types of nociceptive pain include osteoarthritis, muscle strains, and tendon or ligament damage.
Inflammatory Pain: Inflammation can be both a normal response to tissue injury and an inappropriate response mediated by the body’s immune system. The hallmark signs of inflammation are redness, heat, swelling, and pain. Inflammation can be a local and/or system wide phenomenon. Examples of inflammatory pain include rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
Neuropathic Pain: Irritation of sensory nerves can lead to neuropathic pain. Peripheral neuropathies may result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins. One of the most common metabolic causes of peripheral neuropathy is diabetes. Other causes include radiculopathies caused by narrowing (stenosis) of bony nerve pathways, formation of scar tissues around nerves, herniated discs in the spine, and nerve root injuries, and conditions like trigeminal neuralgia.
Functional Pain: Functional pain is that which is present without an obvious organic source. Diagnoses are typically derived from the organ system displaying the predominant symptoms. Evidence suggests that functional pain may result from a complex interplay between genetic susceptibility, gene–environment interactions, and environmental triggers. Examples of functional pain include fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome, temporomandibular dysfunction, and chronic cardiac chest pain.
IS IT TIME TO SEE A PAIN SPECIALIST?
Pain for longer than a month?
Radiating numbness, tingling, or pain?
Pain not controlled by medication?
Loss of mobility and function?
Fatigue and loss of sleep?
If you answered yes to any of the questions above, it may be time to see a physician who specializes in the treatment of pain. Call our office at 513-644-9310 to make an appointment today.
7242 Tylers Corner Drive, Suite B
West Chester, Ohio 45069
9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Monday - Friday
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